If you experience bleeding gums for the first time, it might be alarming. However, some individuals dismiss bleeding gums as being insignificant or something that they have gotten used to seeing. The issue should be taken seriously even if it is found to be harmless. Many individuals fail to get a professional diagnosis and could put themselves at risk for developing other complications. Do not use the presence or absence of pain and the amount of blood as determining factors for whether or not your bleeding gums require professional attention. The following points identify a few things that can cause gums to bleed.

Changes in Dental Hygiene

You might experience this phenomenon if you change the way you perform your oral hygiene or get a new toothbrush. A change from gentle or moderate brushing to rigorous brushing can irritate gums. Toothbrush bristles have ratings ranging from soft to hard. Some individuals do not notice this when they buy new toothbrushes. Switching to a toothbrush with firmer bristles might cause your gums to bleed even if you brush your teeth in the same manner. Flossing near the gum line is recommended, and if you get too close to the gum while flossing, light bleeding can occur. A switch to a new floss might also cause bleeding.


Hopefully, you take the time to protect your teeth and gums by following daily oral hygiene recommendations. This is your best defense against tooth decay. Other issues such as gingivitis, which is inflammation of the gums can also be prevented with good oral hygiene practices. Gingivitis needs to be taken seriously because it is a mild form of gum disease that can get worse if it is not treated and reversed. Advanced gum disease is harder to treat and can lead to pain, tooth loss, and life-threatening situations.

Health Conditions and Medications

Certain conditions can interfere with blood clotting and healing. Hemophilia and leukemia are two blood conditions that can cause issues with blood clotting and influence the likelihood of bleeding gums. Individuals who have diabetes might also experience bleeding gums due to elevated glucose levels. Even if you do not have these conditions, you could be at risk for bleeding gums if you take medications for other conditions. The side effects of certain medications such as certain anti-depressants, oral contraceptives, blood thinners, blood pressure medications can cause this phenomenon. 

A dentist is the best resource to use to determine why your gums are bleeding. They can examine your mouth and treat oral conditions such as gum disease. They can also give referrals to other medical professionals if the nature of your bleeding gums is outside of their scope of practice.

For more information, contact a dental office in your area, such as Precision Smile Dentistry.